15th August popular uprising got its moral and constitutional legitimacy

Spontaneous jubilant support of the people provided moral legitimacy to the uprising and the 5th amendment that was passed by more than 2/3 majority in the Parliament gave the constitutional legitimacy to the 15th August uprising.

Any measure that was taken against the will and wishes of the people just to perpetuate one’s power could not be permanent. No system could last long without people’s support. When the national traitors imposed dictatorship or fascism on the people, the patriots had to organize revolutions to free the nation and its people from the clutches of the draconian regimes of the despotic rulers. This was history and the history repeated once again in Bangladesh on 15th of August 1975. Sheik Mujibur Rahman and his fascist regime BKSAL were over thrown by an uprising. The spontaneous support of the people to the uprising and the government of President Khandakar Mushtaq Ahmed only proved that BKSAL had nothing in common with the aspirations of the people. People and even the larger section of Awami Leaguers did not approved Sheik Mujibur Rahman’s one party dictatorial rule. And that is why the successful uprisingof 15th August spearhead by the patriotic armed forces could earn its legitimacy.

On 4th April 1979 a condolence motion on the late Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was raised in the national Parliament. Lt. Gen. Ziaur Rahman was then the President. The speaker was Mirza Golam Hafeez. When such a motion is moved, then usually the life sketch of the deceased is also readout and noted in the proceedings. On that day Mr. Mirza Golam Hafeez himself moved the condolence motion. The last sentence of the life sketch of late Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which he read out, said, "On 15th August 1975 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman died due to a political change". This is very true, sad demise of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and a few others were not ordinary deaths or killings, they lost their lives in armed confrontation during the popular uprising that was organized to bring a political change in the country. On the same day Mr. Shah Azizur Rahman, the then Prime Minister very clearly brought out the political aspects of the downfall of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in his speech. He said, "On 25th January 1975 the manner in which black laws that were passed in the Parliament just within 15 minutes and the yoke of one party dictatorial rule of BKSAL that was placed on the shoulders of eight crores people was nothing but a constitutional coupde’tat. The uprising of the armed forces on 15th August 1975 was against that fascist one party coupde’tat". In the same session later he introduced the Indemnity Bill. The Bill was passed with 241 votes out of 300-member Parliament, which was more than two third majorities, and thus the Bill became a part of the constitution as the 5th amendment. This is how directly elected President Ziaur Rahman and the elected Parliament gave the final verdict in favor of the 15th August uprising by providing a constitutional legitimacy and upheld the uprising by granting the indemnity.

The successful revolutionary uprising of 15th August 1975 would remain as a mile stone in the history of our people’s struggle for the democracy and emancipation. It would ever glow as a beacon to inspire the people to fight and struggle against any kind of fascist dictatorship.

The August Revolution ended the black chapter of AWAMI-BKSALITES rule and herald a new horizon in the political history of Bangladesh.

The spirit of nationalism and the democratic polity that ushered with the historic political change of 15th August 1975 still flows with ever increasing vigor and vitally in every sphere of our national life by shattering all conspiracies of the anti national elements. The spirit of popular August uprising shall remain as a source of inspiration to the present and future generations to fight the ‘Novo Mir zafars’ and safeguard the national independence and sovereignty for all time to come.