Indian recognition and armed intervention

India decided to recognize Bangladesh provisional government after deliberate preparations. Their decision for armed intervention was also well calculated

After the abortive move taken by Khandakar Mushtaq Ahmed the internal conflict within Awami League leadership became an open secret. Indian government became unnerved. They became desperate to bring an early solution to the problem of Bangladesh. They feared that if the struggle gets prolonged then there is every possibility that the military and political situations would most likely go out of control of the provisional government and thus will jeopardize their own interest as well as the ‘grand design.’ Against such worries Mr. Tajuddin Ahmed tried to convince the Indian authorities that to protect interest of both the parties Indian government should consider recognizing the provisional government of Bangladesh immediately without any further delay and then should get involved in the war through direct military intervention. This was thought to be the best solution. Indian authorities appreciated Mr. Tajuddin Ahmed’s views but did not consider it prudent to accord immediate recognition singularly or to get involved in the war. Rather Mrs. Gandhi decided to act only after she had discussed this issue with the other prominent world leaders. Particularly the two super powers. She took a hurricane tour of USA, USSR and a few West European countries. Her main purpose was to discuss about the issue of Bangladesh and to know their minds at the sametime to apprise them about India’s position.

The leaders of USA and the West European countries although appreciated India’s concern and her efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to the refugees, but considered the present crisis in East Pakistan as an internal affair of Pakistan. They however committed Mrs. Gandhi large amount of humanitarian assistance in cash and kind to mitigate the sufferings of the refugees as well as to lighten the economic burden of India. Many scandals had surfaced regarding misappropriation of these humanitarian assistances and relief goods. Exactly how much of those foreign assistances finally reached the refugees, that can only be said by the provisional Mujibnagar government. But generally it was thought that a very insignificant portion had gone to the refugees. Lion share of all relief materials and money did not even reach up to Mujibnagar government. After her foreign tours Mrs. Indira Gandhi understood that the USA and West European countries will not support her in any military intervention as to them the problem was still an ‘internal affair’ of Pakistan. On the other hand People’s Republic of China another Asian power might even get physically involved against India to help its friend Pakistan. Under such circumstances she decided to sign the ‘Indo-Soviet treaty of peace, friendship and cooperation’ with their ally USSR

After signing the treaty with USSR India decided to give formal recognition to the provisional government in exile. In return Bangladesh government signed the anti national and much hated 25 years Indo-Bangladesh treaty. With this treaty our independence and sovereignty were virtually mortgaged. The entire cabinet and all the elected representatives of Awami League endorsed and supported this treaty. Only two opposed. They were Col. Osmani and Khandakar Mushtaq Ahmed. But brushing aside all oppositions Mr. Tajuddin placed the future of Bangladesh in bondage and paved the way for Indian armed intervention. With the signing of the treaty another Indo-Pak war was looming on the horizon. Government of Indira Gandhi and the Indian ruling elites were adamant not to miss such a golden opportunity to cut Pakistan in size through military intervention. For the Indians dismemberment of Pakistan would not only weaken their archenemy but would also give a serious glow to the very raison d’etre of Pakistan. The Brahmins at Delhi also considered the break up of Pakistan to be a step forward in realizing their long cherished dream of " Akhand Bharat."

The patriotic freedom fighters all along objected to any direct Indian intervention in the liberation war. They wanted to achieve independence through their own blood and sweat. Two very important results would have been achieved if that was allowed. Through the long straggle a tested leadership would have emerged and the whole nation would have got a chance to temper through the fire and wose of the war. Keeping this in mind Col. Osmani on behalf of the freedom fighters proposed to the Prime Minister to form a national government and a war council. Mujibnagar government not only brushed aside those proposals but also smelled some kind of conspiracy. The Indian masters also deprived the nation from those two most important benefits. The message was clear. The freedom fighters in future would be required to fight a two-pronged battle. In one hand they would be fighting the aggressors and on the other hand they would have to resist the Indian occupational forces in post liberation phase. Their straggle would be to frustrate the blue print of the chanakkyas to enslave the nation. The provisional government also shamelessly conceded to transplant forth principals of the Indian constitution (Nationalism, Democracy, Socialism and Secularism.) into the constitution of Bangladesh as its four pillars. In spite of sincere attempt Col. Osmani and the fighters failed to convince the provisional government to fight the war at our own. Thus the stage was set for a scissorian operation to give birth to a premature Bangladesh. After signing of the treaty and the Indian recognition Awami Leaguers and their allies started counting their days for the Indian intervention. They were impatient to go back and take over the country with the help of their master Indian expansionist.