What did the others do?

Activities of the other political parties and their leaders were marginal. They were not welcome by the provisional government and the Indian authorities.

Mualana Bhashani, the leader of the down trodden remained under protective custody of the Indian government since he crossed over to Assam. Indian government was suspicious and very much concerned with Maulana. They made all arrangements very carefully so that Maulana could not sway over the liberation war. Government of India and the Awami League government never could trust Maulana Bhashani. Leaders and workers of his party and the followers of this spiritual and legendary leader were not allowed to maintain any contact with him throughout 9 months. The central leadership and the student front of Bhashani NAP realized very shortly that they were unacceptable to the Indian government as well as the provisional government. Maulana Bhashani and the progressive student leaders vehemently opposed the formation of one party government and demanded a national government of all parties to lead the liberation war. But their appeal was brushed aside and Indian government and Awami League hands in gloves went ahead with their design. On the other hand Awami League provisional government althrough tried to use Maulana Bhashani for their political gains. In other words simply tried to exploit Maulana whereever required. But Maulana never fell in their trap. Mr. Mashiur Rahman one of the senior Bhashani NAP leader once came to Calcutta during the war. But he failed to see his party Chief. He met with the youth and student leaders. Through discussion he realized that neither he nor his party followers would be able to make any meaningful contribution in the liberation war remaining on the Indian soil, as they would not get any assistance or cooperation from the Indian government. Therefore, they decided to go back to Bangladesh and organize the guerrilla war from within. Mr. Rahman was under constant surveillance. Awami League government also looked at him suspiciously. After he left student leaders like Menon, Haider Akber Khan Rano. Kazi Zafar Ahmed tried at their own to organize their followers to fight the liberation war. Many sector and sub sector commanders helped these nationalist leaders in their endeavour. However, most of the left parties particularly the pro Chinese parties failed to assess the situation correctly. They termed this war as a fight between ‘two dogs’ and thus undermined the national liberation issue and perused the line of class struggle. This got them isolated from the people. Some of leaders of these parties later on realized their mistake and started fighting against the Pakistan army from within Bangladesh. Since 1969 people’s upsurge, the left forces and so-called progressives miserably failed to understand that the national independence movement was the step towards national democratic revolution and thus failed to make required contributions. Many of them at later stage had accepted their mistakes openly in public. National emancipation still remains a far cry in Bangladesh. The failures of the progressive and nationalist forces are considered to be greatly responsible for this. The pro Moscow left did no better. At the instructions from Moscow they turned them as the tail-enders of Awami League and provided unqualified support just like CPI, which was than supporting Indian National Congress whole heartidly. Both these forces were dancing in similar ways at the pull of strings by the same master. Just to gain international credibility the provisional Awami League government at last constituted a 8 member Advisory Committee with the members of 5 political parties of Indo-Soviet axis.